Mamoli HMS Endeavour Bark 1768 1:100 James Cook, the great discoverer of the Pacific region , was born in 1728 as the son of a farmer. Over a number of years he acquired seamanlike experience and in 1755 joined the British Royal Fleet where he made it to the rank of a master within a short period of time. In 1768 he was handed over the command of a scientific exploration trip to the South Pacific. The ship to be used for this project was the Endeavour, which was a remodelled brig. Its solid structure made it extremely seaworthy. In order to accommodate a group of astronomers and scientists the vessel was modified considerably. The Endeavour left Plymouth with direction of Cape Horn and reached its port of destination, Tahiti in April 1769. After completion of the necessary scientific studies Cook went on towards New Zealand, where he remained until the end of March 1770, 2400 miles of coastline were recorded.
The Mamoli Endeavour kit features the following:
A Double planked hull construction using Lime and Walnut strips, pre cut frames and keel, deck planked in tanganyika, fittings made from brass, walnut, boxwood, and beech, wooden masts and spars, cast stern and quarter galleries, brass cannon barrels, rigging cord and silk flags. Full size plan sheets and a multi language instruction manual.
A Brief History of the Endeavour
HM Bark Endeavour was originally a merchant collier named Earl of Pembroke, whose construction was completed by early 1768 at Whitby, North Yorkshire. She was ship-rigged, and sturdily built with a capacious hold. Despite not being very fast her flat-bottomed hull was well-suited to sailing in shallow waters and more importantly for her proposed use, she was, like other colliers of the north-east coast of England, designed to be beached. Her overall length was 32.3 m (keel 27.7 m), beam 8.9 m, and she weighed 400 tonnes (397 tons).
In February of 1768 the Royal Society of London petitioned King George III to finance a scientific expedition to the Pacific Ocean . The expedition's ostensible purpose was to study and observe the 1769 transit of Venus across the sun (in concert with several other observations to be made from different locations). However, a more pragmatic reason was to be relayed to her captain by the Admiralty in subsequent secret orders; namely, to search out the southern Pacific for signs of the postulated continent, Terra Australis Incognita (the unknown land of the south).
The mission approved, the newly-built ship was purchased by the Royal Navy for the sum of £2307 5s. 6d. and assigned for use in the Society's expedition. She was renamed Endeavour after a major refit at Deptford on the River Thames in 1768, her improvements including caulking the hull and adding a third deck to prepare her for her new role as an exploration vessel. Classified by the Navy as a bark, she was known as Endeavour Bark to distinguish her from another Endeavour in the Royal Navy. She transported 94 people on her first voyage. This 18th century use of the term 'bark' should not be confused with the barques of the later 19th and early 20th century.
Her commander was the recently-appointed R.N. Lieutenant, James Cook, who had made a reputation as a skilled navigator and cartographer during his earlier postings in Quebec and Newfoundland during the Seven Years' War.
Other notable members on the expedition were the naturalists Sir Joseph Banks from England, Dr. Herman Spöring from Finland (after whome in 1769 James Cook named the Spöring Island on the coast of New Zealand) , Daniel Solander from Sweden (the Oxford University honoured the Swede with a Doctorate of Law after this expedition)  and the English astronomer Charles Green, who was to be in charge of making the astronomical observations.
The voyage departed Plymouth on August 8, 1768, and took them to the Madeira Islands, along the west coast of Africa and across the Atlantic to South America, arriving in Rio De Janeiro on November 13, 1768. The next leg rounded Cape Horn into the South Pacific and on to Tahiti, where she remained for the next three months while preparations were made for observing the transit of Venus.
Her ostensible mission now completed, she continued with her "unannounced" tasks of charting the Southern Hemisphere. The Endeavour sailed from Tahiti to New Zealand, where she spent the next six months surveying and mapping the coast under constant harassment from the Maori population. From New Zealand she moved west to the coast of Australia, sighting land on April 19, 1770. On April 29, Cook and crew made their first landfall on the continent, at a place now known as Kurnell. At first Cook bestowed the name Stingaree (Stingray) Bay to the inlet after the many such creatures found there; this was later changed to Botanist Bay and finally Botany Bay after the unique specimens retrieved by the botanists Joseph Banks, Daniel Solander and Herman Spöring.
For the next four months Cook charted the coast of Australia, until the ship ran aground on the Great Barrier Reef. After lightening the ship as much as possible, she was re-floated by an incoming tide, but sustained considerable damage. She was careened on the beach of a river estuary, now named the Endeavour River, where the modern town of Cooktown is located, and spent the next seven weeks undergoing repairs.
She turned for home arriving, after several other stops, on July 11, 1771. Cook's first voyage in Endeavour is of historical importance because of its contributions to the world's knowledge of seamanship and navigation, as well as geography. On this voyage Cook became the first captain to calculate his longitudinal position with accuracy. He used a complex mathematical formula developed in the 1760s.
Cook was also the first to substantially reduce scurvy among his crew, a serious danger on long voyages. He lost nobody to the disease and in the context of the time, this was an astonishing achievement on such a voyage.
In 1772 Cook, now a captain, made two subsequent voyages of exploration in HMS Resolution, sailing from south polar ice to north polar ice, until he and four of his marines, were killed on his return to the Hawaiian Islands in 1779 owing to a mutual misunderstanding of the respective cultures.
Part No: MV47
Price: £141.28 (Including VAT at 20%)
Euros: €180.83 (Inc VAT) / US Dollars: US$168.35 (Tax Free)
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